Equipment

Additive Manufacturing Equipment

EOS M290 (EOS E-MANUFACTURING SOLUTIONS)

This laser powder-bed fusion system is equipped with an Ytterbium continuous fiber laser and a novel melt pool monitoring devise. This metal laser additive manufacturing system allows the MSAM researchers/collaborators and the affiliated industrial partners to manufacture complex parts from a variety of metallic elements. A formalized partnership with EOS has been materialized to develop novel sub-modules for this system.

AM400 (RENISHAW)

This AM 400 laser powder-bed fusion system from Renishaw is one of the most advanced laser-based AM systems that is equipped with a pulsed Ytterbium laser, a larger SafeChange™ filter, improved optical control software, and revised gas flow and window protection system. This system is used for printing of a variety of metallic elements. Through partnerships with industry and Renishaw, novel materials are deployed to this system by the MSAM researchers/collaborators.

DMD®-IC106 (DM3D Technology)

A customized robotic disk-laser powder-fed system with environmentally controlled chamber and a 2kW disk laser from DM3D. The working envelope is 35x35x35 cm.

Custom 7-Axis Laser Based Powder-Fed Additive Manufacturing Setup

In conjunction with Automated Laser Fabrication (ALFa) laboratory of the University of Waterloo, an in-house developed 7-axis direct metal fabrication system equipped with 1.1 kW CW Fiber laser (IPG) and 1 kW Solid State Nd:YAG laser (LASAG) is available for specific applications. The system is equipped with a thermal camera and a patented CCD-based optical detector for the closed-loop control of the process.

J750 (STRATASYS)

This Stratasys J750 multi-color, multi-material system is a polyjet 3D printing system that can create parts in 14-micron layer resolution. This machine allows for mixing of materials up to six materials at once. The MSAM researchers/collaborators and the affiliated industrial partners are using this system to 3D print innovative parts with any combination of rigid, flexible, transparent or opaque materials and adjust color at the same time. The J750 has the capability to produce over 360,000 colors while creating photorealistic models with varying durometers.

Custom In-house developed 3D printer for highly viscous inks

A novel 3D printer has been designed and integrated recently by the MSAM researchers enabling the printing of viscous inks such as silicone. Those interested to learn about this system, please contact the lab director. The system is open for commercialization by start-up companies.

M-Flex (ExOne)

The ExOne® Binder Jetting process creates functional parts with superior wear characteristics, fast print speeds, no support structures and enables machine customization for material requirements. Stainless steel, bronze, tungsten, silica, ceramic, and glass powders can be printed with M-Flex.

Z 510/310 (3D SYSTEMS)

This binder-jet power-bed system (Z510/310 machines) allow you to spread thin layers over the build platform and then selectively jet a binder from inkjet print heads over the core layer which causes the core to solidify. The build platform lowers with each subsequent layer resulting in a full three-dimensional model. Once complete the part undergoes a post-processing step to improve its material properties. The MSAM researchers/collaborators and the affiliated industrial partners use these systems for the development of innovative implants from biodegradable and biocompatible materials.

Custom Desktop Powder Bed Binder Jetting System

This custom desktop machine allows you to spread thin layers of titanium and other powders and selectively jets a binder from an inkjet print head to solidify the core powder. Printing parameters can be adjusted on a per-layer basis giving complete control over the build process. This is the perfect build platform for creating medical, dental and other high-value components such as jewelry.

CUSTOM IN-HOUSE BINDER-JET SYSTEM WITH ADDED PATENTED FEATURES

This is a custom workstation that was developed in-house to enable the fabrication of structures with heterogeneous porosity (varying density). The system is able to print in powder bases layers similar to regular binder jetting systems but also allow you to inject liquid into the same build.

Optomec Aerosol micro-Scale AM

The Optomec system allows the user to use microscale laser-assisted manufacturing process (aerosol jet printing) to create high resolution 3D/conformal interconnects with feature sizes less than 10 micron in width and 1 micron in thickness for a variety of electronic and sensor-on-chip devices to facilitate their miniaturization. The technology can also be used for non-planar antenna as well.

F370 (Stratasys)

The Stratasys F370 lets you print everything from fast, low-cost concept models to durable assemblies. And the Stratasys F370 gives the option of up to three different materials, along with our easy-to-remove soluble support material. Create complex parts and assemblies with no compromise on accuracy, detail and repeatability. Even for your earliest design iterations, you can expect Stratasys quality and dependability.

Electromechanical Universal Test System

Characterization Equipment

NANO-CT SCANNER

This ZEISS Xradia 520 Versa 3D X-ray Nano-CT scanner adds new degrees of flexibility for scientific discovery and non-destructive testing. Providing throughput thermographic imaging based on industry-best resolution and contrast (700 nm precision with a 70 nm voxel size), this system provides unique opportunity to conduct non-destructive imaging of additively manufactured parts. Innovative contrast and acquisition techniques opens new opportunities for the MSAM researchers/collaborators and the affiliated industrial partners to move beyond exploration and detect pores and cracks that are not detectable by any other CT scanner on the market.

High-Precision Optical Scanner

The contact-free AICON SmartScan optical scanning technology from Hexagon allows for very fast data acquisition and a high level of detail. Measurement fields from 60 mm up to 1,550 mm can be captured by changing the camera lenses and the base length. Working distance ranges from 340 mm to 1,500 mm, according to configuration. The white light scanner digitizes objects at a high speed irrespective of their size and complexity.

LASER SCANNING CONFOCAL MICROSCOPE

The Laser Scanning Confocal Microscope from Keyence combines a 3-in-1 system providing the convenience of an optical microscope with the analytical functions of an SEM and a roughness gauge. The system uses a UV laser and a 16-bit photomultipler to accurately obtain measurement data from a variety of samples made from matte black, clear, highly reflective materials and samples with steeply sloping side walls over 85°. The system has a magnification range of 50x to 24,000x enabling the collection of features at nano-level. The MSAM researchers/collaborators and the affiliated industrial partners use this system to analyze the surface quality of additive manufactured parts.

DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING PARTICLE SIZE AND SHAPE ANALYZER

The CAMSIZER X2 from RETSCH is used for quality control of fine powders used in powder-based additive manufacturing processes. More precise and faster analysis of particle size and particle shape help the MSAM researchers/collaborators and the affiliated industrial partners to quickly optimize powder characteristics used in AM processes.

POWDER RHEOMETER SYSTEM

The FT4 Powder Rheometer® is used by the MSAM researchers/collaborators and the affiliated industrial partners to characterise the rheology, or flow properties, of powders. This will allow the researchers and industry to evaluate flowability, shear properties and many other critical powder parameters required for the understanding the effects of powder characteristics on the quality of AM-made parts and AM processes.

AUTOMATIC DENSITY ANALYZER

The QUANTACHROME ULTRAPYC 1200E pycnometer is specifically designed to measure the true volume of solid materials, even powders and porous solids, by employing Archimedes’ principle of fluid (gas) displacement and the technique of gas expansion (Boyle’s law). The MSAM researchers/collaborators and the affiliated industrial partners use this system to effectively measure important parameters affecting the quality of AM-made parts.

HIGH TEMPERATURE DSC/TGA

The NETZSCH system combines the simultaneous application of Thermogravimetry (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) to one and the same sample in a single instrument. The system is able to determine the thermodynamic properties of ceramics and metallic high-performance materials at a wide range of temp up to 1600C.

Fatigue test in corrosive media (arriving soon)

The fatigue testing system in corrosive media provides the ability to study the mechanical degradation of a material under the joint action of corrosion and cyclic loading.

Retsch Ball Mill

Planetary Ball Mills are used wherever the highest degree of fineness is required. The Ball Mill can quickly grind down to nano range. In addition to well-proven mixing and size reduction processes, these mills also meet all technical requirements for colloidal grinding and provide the energy input necessary for mechanical alloying. The extremely high centrifugal forces of a planetary ball mill result in very high pulverization energy and therefore short grinding times.

The PM 100 is a convenient benchtop model with 1 grinding station.

OTHER EQUIPMENT AVAILABLE FOR USE ON UNIVERSITY OF WATERLOO CAMPUS

  • SEM
  • TEM
  • XPS
  • Bi-axial fatigue testing machines
  • Regular tensile testing setups
  • XRD
  • Nano-indenter
  • UV-Vis
  • 5-axis and 3-axis CNC machining
  • EDM
  • Automated grinders
  • And many more